Purchasing a home is a significant financial investment that takes time and dedication. While house hunting can be exciting, you need to complete several steps before ensuring you’re ready financially to become a homeowner.
The following guide will walk you through a series of actions you should take to confirm you’re prepared for the long-term commitment of homeownership. Each step will help ensure you have all your financial ducks in a row, leaving no loose ends in your pursuit of becoming a homeowner.
Check Your Credit Score
Financing a home is a long-term commitment, with mortgage terms often extending up to 30 years. Refinancing your home can be costly, so you want to ensure your credit score is as high as possible before applying.
In the months leading up to buying your home, review your current credit score and report. Many websites and apps will provide your score for free. However, you’ll also want to examine your credit report for errors or potential fraud. You can download a free copy of your credit report at www.AnnualCreditReport.com.
Loans are typically based on credit score tiers. That means that even minor improvements can reduce the cost of your home loan. To boost your score quickly, focus on making on-time payments and reducing unsecured debt, such as credit card balances.
Determine How Much You Can Afford
When looking for potential homes, you need to determine how much you can realistically afford to spend. Most people looking to transition from renter to homeowner start with their monthly budget. If they can afford to pay $1,500 a month on rent, a mortgage payment in that range would be ideal.
Their next step is to use an online mortgage calculator to determine a loan amount equal to their budget. However, online calculators can be misleading. Most only consider the principal and interest portion of your payment (the actual loan payment). Your monthly mortgage payment will also include escrowed items, such as property taxes and homeowner’s insurance.
To help determine how much your actual monthly payment will be, look at other homes recently sold in the area. Websites like www.zillow.com will list the property taxes and estimated insurance. Add these numbers and divide them by 12 to calculate an estimated monthly escrow amount.
Saving for Your Down Payment & Closing Costs
One of the greatest barriers to homeownership is the upfront costs. First, you’ll have closing costs, including the appraisal, inspection, title insurance and transfer, attorney fees, and prepaid items like property taxes and insurance.
Typically closing costs range between 3% to 6% of the home’s sale price. For example, if you purchase a $300,000 home, you can expect the closing costs to be between $9,000 and $18,000.
If that isn’t enough, you’ll also have a down payment. The more you can put down, the less you need to borrow – and pay interest on. Depending on your home loan type, down payments can range between 3% to 20% of the sale price, though there are 0% down options for qualified borrowers. Using the same $300,000 home, your down payment would be between $9,000 and $60,000.
Buying your first home can be challenging as many people need to save for years to cover these upfront costs. After you purchase your first home, subsequent homes become easier to finance because you’ll build equity in the property – which can then be used to offset these upfront costs.
Review Your Mortgage Options
There are various ways to finance a new home. For example, fixed-rate mortgages were popular during the historically low mortgage rates between 2010 and 2020. However, now that interest rates are rising, many find adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs) more affordable. FHA (Federal Housing Administration) loans are often ideal for first-time homebuyers due to their lower down payment requirements.
The best way to determine which loan type will work best for you is to contact the credit union. Our home loan team will review your financial goals and needs. Then, they’ll recommend which financing option will best suit you.
Plan for Recurring Costs
Homeowners encounter many expenses that renters do not. For example, if an appliance breaks or your roof leaks, there is no landlord to call. Instead, these costs will fall on your lap. Many renters also forget they’ll be responsible for items like landscaping and pest control.
When creating your new-home budget, you’ll want to put money aside monthly into an emergency fund to help cover future home maintenance costs.
We’re Here to Help!
Deciding to transition from renter to homeowner is exciting. It’s a significant financial milestone that brings a slew of fiscal benefits, such as the ability to build equity in your property. However, you also want to make sure you’re financially prepared for the commitment of being a homeowner.
If you’re interested in learning more about the home-buying process or would like to explore mortgage options, we’re ready to help. Click to contact one our Mortgage Consultants https://www.patriotfcu.org/borrowing/mortgage-consultants/